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California is the first state in the US to outlaw four potentially dangerous chemicals in food

A historic bill prohibiting red dye No. 3 and other potentially dangerous foods has been signed by the governor of California

According to the Environmental Working Group, a nonprofit organisation dedicated to environmental health, which co sponsored the law with Consumer Reports. The Golden State became the first in the nation to outlaw the use of the chemicals. Included in numerous popular candies, beverages, and other products. Assembly Bill 418, also referred to as the California Food Safety Act, was introduced in February by Assemblymen Jesse Gabriel and Buffy Wicks. It forbids the production, distribution, or sale of food items in California that contain red dye No. 3, potassium bromate, brominated vegetable oil, or propylparaben.

Potassium Bromate

Adding chemical potassium bromate to baked items helps the dough become stronger and rise more. Citrus flavouring is emulsified in some beverages by brominated vegetable oil, avoiding separation. Chemical Propylparabens are used to preserve food in an antibacterial manner.

Red Dye 3

According to the Environmental Working Group’s Eat Well Guide, nearly 3,000 goods include red dye No. 3. Including boxed cake mixes, protein shakes, instant rice and potato products, and candies like Skittles, Nerds, and Trolli gummies. The governor referred to the availability of Skittles across the European Union in his letter. Citing it as “demonstrable proof that the food industry is capable of maintaining product lines while complying with different public health laws.”


In the EU, where these chemical are prohibited “due to scientific studies that have demonstrated significant public health harms. Including increased risk of cancer, behavioural issues in children, harm to the reproductive system, and damage to the immune system”. According to Gabriel’s March news release, Newsom’s action brings the United States a little closer to a food environment similar to that of the EU. “Signing this into law is a positive step forward on these four food additives until the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) reviews and establishes national updated safety levels for these additives”. California Governor Gavin Newsom wrote in a letter to the California State Assembly on Saturday.

Food Safety Measurement

The law won’t go into effect until 2027, giving firms “considerable time to rewrite their recipes to avoid these dangerous chemicals,” Newsom added. “Californians will still have access to and be able to enjoy their favourite food products. With greater confidence in the safety of such products.” By acting independently of the FDA, the National Confectioners Association, a trade group with headquarters in Washington, DC. Claimed that “Newsom’s approval of this bill will undermine consumer confidence and create confusion around food safety” and urged the FDA to comment on the matter.

The FDA’s Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act currently allows manufacturers. To use the ingredients in a way or quantity that the FDA has previously determined to be safe. This loophole is known as the Generally Recognised as Safe, or GRAS, rule. As a result, these chemicals can currently be found in foods in the US.



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