Osteoporosis is one of the most common diseases affecting women. It is a disease of the bones that causes bones to become weak and break easily. A balanced diet, including vitamin D and calcium, along with proper care, can help in the prevention of disease.
No matter your age, you can take steps to build bone mass and prevent bone loss. Broken bones from osteoporosis cause serious health problems and disability in older women.
Currently osteoporosis affects:
- 30% to 40% of women over the age of 50
- 5% to 10% of men over the age of 70
Bone diseases and Osteoimmunology
Osteoporosis is one of the significant general well-being issues related to maturing. It is right now characterized as a skeletal issue described by undermined bone quality, inclining an individual to an expanded hazard of cracking. Bone quality is also affected by bone thickness and bone quality.
Additionally, it is notable that involutional osteoporosis is essentially a result of oestrogen inadequacy.
Moreover, it must be remembered that there is an immense greater part of extra factors that contribute to the pathogenesis of osteoporosis.
For example, hereditary and way of life factors such as nourishment and the admission of drugs. From a clinical perspective, essential and optional types of osteoporosis can be recognised.
Relationship Between Osteoporosis and Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic systemic illness affecting the whole body. It is an autoimmune disease that especially affects the joints. In RA, the immune system in the body begins to attack healthy tissue instead of fighting foreign particles.
Inflammatory processes, bone erosions, or cysts in the bone around the joints can lower the mineral content of the bone. Eventually, it can develop osteoporosis (significantly low bone density) as well as osteopenia (moderately low bone density).
Moreover, insufficient intake or absorption of bone-building calcium and less physical activity due to pain and fatigue may contribute to a reduction in bone mineral density loss, bone formation, and an increased risk of fractures.
What are Osteoblasts and Osteoclasts?
Both osteoblasts and osteoclasts are cells in our body that promote bone growth and remodeling. It helps us to stay strong.
Consequently, they are special cells that help your bones grow and develop.
Osteoblasts form new bones and add growth to existing bone tissue.
Osteoclasts dissolve old and damaged bone tissue, making way for osteoblasts to replace it with new, healthier cells.
How do I keep my bones healthy?
There are things you can do to help keep your bones healthy. Some tips include:
- Follow a nutritious diet.
- Exercise plan
- Reduced caffeine intake
- Avoid smoking
- Be sure you’re getting enough calcium and vitamin D.
- Control gastrointestinal issues such as celiac disease, which inhibit calcium absorption.
- See a healthcare provider for regular checkups, and contact them if you aren’t feeling well.
Calcium-rich food sources include:
- Almond milk and other plant-based milk beverages
- low-fat milk, yoghurt, cheese, and other dairy products
- green leafy vegetables
- Salmon and tuna
How do I Diagnose Osteoporosis?
- Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA or DXA)
- Trabecular bone score (TBS)
- Quantitative CT scan
- Laboratory bone markers
- Frax scores