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Scientists detect radio explosion that is eight billion years old

A record-breaking radio transmission that took eight billion years to reach Earth is discovered by astronomers


Something occurred in a far-off galaxy eight billion years ago that unleashed a very potent radio wave burst that shot across the universe. On June 10 of last year, it eventually reached Earth. Despite its brief arrival of less than a thousandth of a second. An Australian radio telescope was able to detect the signal. This celestial flare was a rapid radio burst (FRB), a phenomena originally identified in 2007 that is still poorly understood.

Engineer Karl Jansky discovered radio wave signals from space in 1932. They reveal that the otherwise peaceful night sky is anything from peaceful. The National Radio Astronomy Observatory in Charlottesville, Virginia, employs astronomers Poonam Chandra and others. “The sky looks serene and calm, but if you look in the radio bands. Extremely energetic phenomena are taking place in the universe,” Chandra previously told Mashable.

Fast Radio Burst

On Thursday, astronomers announced that this particular FRB was more potent. It is originated from a considerably further distance than any other known FRB. It journeyed eight billion light years from a time. When the universe was just half as old as it is now. The exact cause of FRBs is becoming one of the biggest puzzles in astronomy. Numerous theories have been proposed to explain them; a researcher at Harvard University even proposed that they could represent signals of extraterrestrial life.

The most magnetic objects in the cosmos, magnetars, are distant dead stars that are thought to be the main suspects. The discovery of the radio burst last year by the ASKAP radio telescope in Western Australia was described as “mind-blowing” by Ryan Shannon, an astronomer at Australia’s Swinburne University, to AFP.

What Causes FRB?

The FRB greatly outperformed the previous record holder, who came from a distance of about five billion light years. The pulse was so strong that it produced as much energy in less than a millisecond as the sun does in thirty years. Shannon estimated that hundreds of thousands of FRBs might flare in the night sky each day. However, only around 50 of the about thousand that have been found thus far have their origins determined by scientists. Which is vital information for comprehending them. In order to determine the origin of the most recent radio burst. Which has been named FRB 20220610A, scientists looked to the Very Large Telescope in Chile.

The peculiar magnetar may have been produced by a highly clumpy galaxy merging with one or two other galaxies, according to the analysis of the signal’s source.

History of FRB

Scientists want to use FRBs as a tool to solve another mystery about the universe in addition to trying to figure out what the secrets of these objects are. Scientists detected a “strange and persistent” radio burst from a distant galaxy last year that resembled a heartbeat. According to a news release, the signal lasted up to three seconds, or around 1,000 times longer than usual. Astronomers reported seeing a FRB in 2020 that seems to be sending out signals that repeat every 157 days and arrive on Earth. Future radio telescopes will detect tens of thousands of FRBs, according to Liam Connor, an astronomer at the California Institute of Technology who was not involved in the research, telling AFP that this will enable scientists to measure all the matter “across cosmic epochs.”

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