COP28 Conference in Dubai and Why is it so Important?
Introduction to COP28 Conference:
COP28(Conference of the Parties) UNFCCC’s conference will be held in Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE) at Expo City. The world leaders are going to participate in the summit organized by the United Nations in Dubai, the capital of the United Arab Emirates, to consider the control of the effects of climate change. The summit is being held after extreme climate change over the past year, which has set several new records.
What is the Cop 28?
COP28 is the 28th annual meeting of the United Nations on climate change, in which countries around the world will discuss how they can reduce the effects of climate change and how to prepare themselves for the effects of climate change in the future. This summit is going to be held in Dubai from November 30 to December 12. COP stands for ‘Conference of the Parties’. Parties are countries that have signed the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.
How did the COP 28 conference in Dubai become controversial?
The United Arab Emirates is one of the ten largest oil producing countries in the world. Dubai has appointed Sultan Al Jaber, Chief Executive of Dubai’s state-owned oil company, as the president for this conference. Like gas and coal, oil is a “fossil fuel.” It is one of the main causes of climate change because when fossil fuels are burned for energy, they release greenhouse gases on the planet.
Sultan Al Jaber Oil Company is currently planning to increase its production capacity. Campaign group 350.org says it’s like hiring a cigarette company to sponsor a conference discussing a cure for cancer. Sultan Al Jaber says he is in a better position to persuade the oil and gas industry to take action on climate change. And that as chairman of alternative energy firm Masdar, he also explores initiatives to popularize ‘clean technology’ in sectors such as wind and solar energy.
Why is the Cop28 so important?
It is hope that the conference will help achieve the long-term goal of reducing global temperature. About 200 countries agreed to it in Paris in 2015. According to the United Nations’ International Panel on Climate Change, the 1.5°C temperature target is very important to avoid the catastrophic effects of climate change. Long-term warming is now 1.1 or 1.2 degrees Celsius compared to pre-industrial times when humans did not start burning fossil fuels.
Although the world is on track for 2.5 degrees Celsius of warming by 2100 with commitments to reduce emissions of toxic gases such as carbon dioxide. According to the United Nations, the opportunity to keep global temperature below 1.5 degrees Celsius is fast closing.
What issues will be discussed at the COP 28 conference?
Achieving the goals of the Paris Agreement will be the focus of the conference. COP 28 aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 while ensuring a rapid transition to clean energy sources. Moving towards environmental improvement by transferring money from rich countries to poor countries and a new agreement with developing countries will work.
- Focusing on people and nature
- Making Coop 28 an inclusive forum for all
- Celebrating the day on the theme of health, economy, food and nature
Who will participate in Cop 28?
More than 200 countries have been invite to this conference. Several countries, including the US, China and India, have not yet confirmed their participation in the conference. British Prime Minister Rishi Sonak has said that he will participate in this conference. Environmental charities, community groups, think tanks, business personalities and religious leaders will also be part of this conference.
Last year, thousands of fossil fuel delegations attended COP 27.
What issues can lead to conflict in Cop 28?
No agreement is expect on fossil fuels such as coal, oil and gas, which are burn without technology, which means controlling the emissions of harmful gases from burning fossil fuels. Sultan Al Jaber has proposed a strategy to phase out fossil fuels. But they have not talked about complete elimination. However, the European Union will insist on the complete elimination of fossil fuels in this regard.
Social activists working on the environment say that no agreement in this regard means that the emission of harmful gases will continue. They say that there is no guarantee that any large-scale work on curbing the emission of such gases will be possible.
Money will also be an issue:
Last year, at COP 27, the Loss and Damage Fund was establish, in which rich countries were suppose to give money to poor countries that are currently suffering the effects of climate change.
However, it is still unclear how the fund will work and how these rich countries will fund it. For example, the United States has refuse to provide reparations for industrial emissions.
In 2009, rich countries promised to fund 100 billion dollars annually to developing countries by 2020. The aim of the aid was to enable poor countries to reduce their emissions of harmful gases and prepare themselves to deal with climate change. This target could not achieve in time. Now it is hope that some progress can made in this regard in 2023.
Will the snow melt in the Coupe 28?
Critics of the COP conferences, including Greta Thunberg, charge that the conferences are mere pretense, through which countries and business figures improve their perception and image without any real change.
However, now when the world leaders will sit at a table. There are chances that an international agreement will reach in this regard. According to the United Nations, for example. At COP 21 in Paris, the goal of bringing global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius was set. Which almost the entire world had to achieve together.
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