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How to Add References in a Research Paper?

Are you struggling to add references to your research paper? Look no further! In this blog, we’ll guide you through the process of adding references like a pro!

Why Add References?

Before we dive into the how-to, let’s quickly discuss why references are crucial in a research paper:

– Give credit to original authors
– Avoid plagiarism
– Support your arguments with credible sources
– Allow readers to explore further

Choosing a Citation Style

Before adding references, you need to choose a citation style. Popular styles include:

– APA (American Psychological Association)
– MLA (Modern Language Association)
– Chicago/Turabian
IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers)

Each style has its guidelines, so make sure to choose the one your instructor or discipline recommends.

How to Add References: A Step-by-Step Guide

Here’s how to add references in a research paper using APA style:

1. Author’s Last Name, Initials (Year of publication)
2. Title of the paper (in title case)
3. Title of the journal (in title case)
4. Volume and issue number (if applicable)
5. Page numbers (if applicable)
6. DOI (digital object identifier) (if available)


Smith, J. (2020). The impact of climate change on ecosystems. Journal of Environmental Studies, 30(2), 12-20. DOI: 10.1037/env0000321

Breaking it Down

– Smith, J. is the author’s name (last name, initials)
– (2020) is the year of publication
– The impact of climate change on ecosystems is the title of the paper
– Journal of Environmental Studies is the title of the journal
– 30(2) represents the volume and issue number
– 12-20 are the page numbers
– DOI is the digital object identifier (a unique code for the paper)

Tips and Tricks

– Use citation management tools like EndNote, Mendeley, or Zotero to help you organize and format
– Always check the citation style guide for specific guidelines
– Make sure to proofread your references for accuracy

Common Reference Types

– Journal articles
– Books
– Thesis or dissertations
– Conference papers
– Online sources


Adding references to your research paper is an essential skill for any academic or researcher. By following these simple steps and choosing the right citation style, you’ll be able to give credit where credit is due and avoid plagiarism. Remember, references are like a map that guides readers through your research journey!



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